India Windmills
30/08/2021
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Context:

  • Most extreme weather conditions, the world over, are attributed to climate change. Climate change in India is also affecting a major renewable source of energy – wind. 

About:

  • Monsoon brings along with it wind speeds that range between 23-29 kms per hour, fuelling the turbines that harness the wind power to generate electricity.
  • Last monsoon, the average wind speed was 20-27 kmph, the slowest on record.
  • Wind speeds were below normal, particularly in July and September, resulting in widespread decline in capacity utilisation factor (CUF).
  • CUF of wind turbines is a measure of efficiency that indicates the extent to which installed capacity is deployed.
  • AT the end of the financial year in March 2021, CUF was 17% compared with 20% in the previous two years.
  • Central government set a target of building 175 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity by 2022, including 60 GW of wind power.
  • At the end of March 2021, India had capacity to produce 38.78 GW of wind power.
  • Capacity addition had already slowed due to the pandemic and procedural red tape, with monsoon winds throwing down another challenge.
  • Around 2/3rds of wind energy in India are generated during the 4 months ending September.
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