Tropical cyclones naming
24/05/2021

Tags:

Context:

  • Recently,Tauktae hit the western coast of India. The cyclone, which was named by Myanmar, means “gecko” — a highly vocal lizard — in Burmese dialect.
  • Similarly, Yaas, the cyclonic storm that is expected to hit the coasts of Odisha and West Bengal, has been named by Oman. Yaas refers to a tree that has a good fragrance and in English, the word is like Jasmine.

How are the cyclones named?

  • In 2000, a group of nations called WMO/ESCAP (World Meteorological Organisation/United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), which comprised Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand, decided to start naming cyclones in the region.
  • After each country sent in suggestions, the WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC) finalised the list.
  • The WMO/ESCAP expanded to include five more countries in 2018 — Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
  • The list of 169 cyclone names released by IMD in April 2020 were provided by these countries — 13 suggestions from each of the 13 countries.

Importance to name cyclones:

  • Adopting names for cyclones makes it easier for people to remember, as opposed to numbers and technical terms.
  • Apart from the public, it also helps the scientific community, the media, disaster managers etc.
  • With a name, it is easy to identify individual cyclones, create awareness of its development, rapidly disseminate warnings to increased community preparedness and remove confusion where there are multiple cyclonic systems over a region.

Guidelines to adopt names of cyclones:

  • The proposed name should be neutral to (a) politics and political figures (b) religious believes, (c) cultures and (d) gender.
  • Name should be chosen in such a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of any group of population over the globe.
  • It should not be very rude and cruel in nature.
  • It should be short, easy to pronounce and should not be offensive to any member.
  • The maximum length of the name will be eight letters.
  • The proposed name should be provided with its pronunciation and voice over.
  • The names of tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean will not be repeated. Once used, it will cease to be used again. Thus, the name should be new.

 

Quiz of the Day for IAS Prepation
Test Your UPSC Preparation With Vajirao's Daily Current Affairs Quiz

Select the correct answer and click on the “Finish” button Check your score and explanations at the end of the quiz

Start Quiz