Topic in News: Election in Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) Mizoram
Multi-party campaign is going on in Mizoram’s Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC), where elections arescheduled for December 4.
About:Sixth Schedule and Autonomous District Council:
According to Article 244 of the Indian Constitution Sixth Schedule consists of provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
It seeks to safeguard the rights of the tribal population through the formation of Autonomous District Councils (ADC).
The various features of administration contained in the Sixth Schedule areas follows:
- The tribal areas in the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura andMizoram have been constituted as autonomous districts. But, they do notfall outside the executive authority of the state concerned.
- The governor is empowered to increase or decrease their areas or change their names or define their boundariesthe autonomousdistricts.
- If there are different tribes in an autonomous district, the governor candivide the district into several autonomous regions.
- Each autonomous district has a district council consisting of 30 members,
- of whom four are nominated by the governor and
- the remaining 26 are elected on the basis of adult franchise.
NOTE:The Bodoland Territorial Council, however, is an exception as it can constitute up to 46 members out of which 40 are elected. Of these 40 seats, 35 are reserved for the Scheduled Tribes and non-tribal communities, five are unreserved and the rest six are nominated by the governor from unrepresented communities of the Bodoland Territorial Areas District (BTAD).
- The elected members hold officefor a term of five years (unless the council is dissolved earlier) andnominated members hold office during the pleasure of the governor.
- Eachautonomous region also has a separate regional council.
- The governor can appoint a commission to examine and report on anymatter relating to the administration of the autonomous districts or regions.
- He may dissolve a district or regional council on therecommendation of the commission.
Additional Information:The Fifth Schedule (dealing with administration and control of schedule areas and scheduled tribes) and the Sixth Schedule (dealing with administration of tribal areas) do not apply to the state.
Declaration of Scheduled Areas:The president is empowered to declare an area to be a scheduled area. He can also
- increase or decrease its area,
- alter its boundary lines,
- rescind such designation or make fresh orders forsuch redesignation on an area in consultation with the governor of the state concerned.