Statehood Days
22/02/2021

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CONTEXT:
  • Arunachal Pradesh (AP) and Mizoram were created on 20 February 1987.
AP:
  • Till 1972, it was known as the North- East Frontier Agency (NEFA).
  • It gained the Union Territory status on January 20, 1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh.
  • On August 15, 1975 an elected Legislative Assembly was constituted and the first council of Ministers assumed office.
  • The first general election to the Assembly was held in February 1978. Administratively, the State is divided into sixteen districts.
  • Capital of the State is Itanagar in Papumpare district. Itanagar is named after Ita fort meaning fort of bricks, build in the 14th century AD.
     
  • Arunachal Pradesh find mentioned in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharta. This place is the Prabhu Mountains of Puranas.
  • It was here the sage Parashuram atoned of his sin, sage Vyasa meditated, King Bhismaka founded his kingdom and Lord Krishna married his Consort Rukmini.
                                                                   
Mizoram
  • It is one of the states of Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital city. The name is derived from Mi (people), Zo (lofty place, such as a hill) and Ram (land), and thus Mizoram implies "Land of the hill people".
  • Like several other northeastern states of India, Mizoram was previously part of Assam until 1972, when it was carved out as a Union Territory.
  • It became the 23rd state of India, a step above Union Territory, on 20 February 1987.
  • Mizoram's population was 1,091,014, according to a 2011 census. It is the 2nd least populous state in the country.
  • Mizoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometers. About 91% of the state is forested.
  • About 95% of current Mizoram population is of diverse tribal origins who settled in the state, mostly from southeast Asia, over waves of migration starting about 16th century but mainly in 18th century.
  • This is the highest concentration of tribal people among all states of India, and they are currently protected under Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe.
  • The tribes converted from Animist religions to Christianity over the first half of 20th century. Mizoram is one of three states of India with a Christian majority (87%). Its people belong to various denominations, mostly Presbyterian in its North and Baptists in South.
  • Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy, but suffers from slash-and-burn jhum or shifting cultivation, and poor crop yields. In recent years, the jhum farming practices are steadily being replaced with a significant horticulture and bamboo products industry. 
  • Biggest river : Chhimtuipui, or Kaladan, Kolodyne or Chimtuipui. It originates in Chin state in Burma and passes through Saiha and Lawngtlai districts in the southern tip of Mizoram, goes back to Burma's Rakhine state.
                                                         

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