High-level expert panel ‘One Health’
- Recently, World Health Organization (WHO) formed a High-Level Expert Panel ‘One Health’ to investigate rise in zoonotic diseases.
- Zoonotic diseases are pathogenic infections that transmit from animals to humans. 75% infectious diseases are caused by zoonosis.
Mandates of the panel ‘One Health’
- To study the emergence and spread of zoonotic diseases like H5N1, avian influenza, MERS, Ebola, Zika and possibly the novel coronavirus disease.
- Advise several international organisations for averting future outbreaks.
- Develop a surveillance framework and global action plan.
- Study various human activities (food production, distribution, urbanisation etc.) which disturb the natural wildlife and environment.
- These mandates are in pursuance with the ‘One Health’ approach for tackling and preventing the outbreak of zoonotic diseases.
About ‘One Health’:
- This concept recognises that the health of human beings is connected to the health of animals and environment and is relevant for Food safety, controlling zoonosis and antibiotic resistance.
- This term was first used in 2003–2004 and it was associated with the emergence of severe acute respiratory disease (SARS) and avian influenza H5N1.
- In April, 2021 the WHO has issued guidelines to reduce the risk of transmission of zoonotic pathogens to humans in food production and marketing chains.