Farmer protests



  • According to data collated by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), farmer protests increased fivefold since 2017.


  • Apart from the three contentious Central farm laws, procurement and agricultural market price-related failures have contributed to a fivefold increase in major farmers’ protests since 2017.
  • In 2017, there were 34 major protests across 15 States. The number has now shot up to 165 protests across 22 States and Union Territories.
  • Reasons for protests:
    • Large numbers of farmers are fighting against market failures and demanding fair prices.
    • There are battles against acquisition of farm land for development projects, including highway and airport construction.
    • Few agitations have demanded loan waivers or have been organised to protest poor insurance coverage and delayed compensation.
    • The arrests of protesting farm leaders have also led to further stirs.
  • The report notes that India now has more farm labourers than landowning farmers and cultivators.
  • The CSE has called for better maintenance of agricultural data, noting that 14 States had witnessed a deterioration in the quality of their land records.
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