E-100 pilot project
08/06/2021

Tags:

Context:

  • Recently, the Prime Minister has launched the E-100 pilot project in Pune to mark the World Environment Day 2021.
  • He also released the Report of the Expert Committee on Road Map for ethanol blending in India 2020-2025.

 About the Project

  • It aims to set up a network for production and distribution of ethanol across the nation.
  • The government is also releasing the E-20 notification that will allow oil companies to sell 20 per cent ethanol blended petrol from 1st April, 2023 and the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) specifications for ethanol blends E12 and E15.

Ethanol Sector in India:

  • India is targeting to have 20 per cent ethanol-blended fuel by 2025, in a push towards a robust biofuel policy.
  • The focus on ethanol is having a better impact on the environment as well as on the lives of farmers as it helps them earn more profits.
    • A large part of this eightfold increase in ethanol procurement has benefitted the sugarcane farmers of the country,
  • Most of the ethanol manufacturing units are mostly concentrated in 4-5 states where sugar production is high but now food grain-based distilleries are being established to expand this to the whole country.
  • Modern technology-based plants are also being set up in the country to make ethanol from agricultural waste.

 

State of India’s Environment Report 2021

Context:

  • Recently, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has released the State of India’s Environment Report 2021.

About:

  • CSE is a public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi.
  • It researches into, lobbies for and communicates the urgency of development that is both sustainable and equitable.

Findings:

  • The report carries a special section on the state of the Indian states, particularly on their performance on Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
    • No state was found to be on track to meet all the SDGs by 2030.
  • Only a decade away from meeting these globally committed development goals, India occupies 117th position among 192 countries on the progress list.
    • It shows that India’s rank has slipped by two places from 115th in 2020 on the 17 SDGs.
  • Reasons for Dropped Rank: India still lags behind on the SDG goals like ending hunger and achieving food security, achieving gender equality and building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and fostering innovation.
    • On India’s challenge of bringing safe water and sanitation to all citizens, the report offers a word of caution.
  • The overall SDG score of India is 61.9 out of 100.
  • India ranks below four South Asian countries (Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh).
  • State-wise Preparedness
    • KeralaHimachal Pradesh and Chandigarh have the best overall score and are on the path to achieving the SDGs in time.
    • Jharkhand and Bihar are the least prepared to meet the SDGs by 2030.
      • While Jharkhand lags in five of the SDGs, Bihar lags in seven.
  • It also highlighted that India ranked 168 out of 180 countries in terms of Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2021.
    • EPI is calculated on various indicators, including environmental health, climate, air pollution, sanitation and drinking water, ecosystem services, biodiversity, etc.
    • In the EPI 2020 report by Yale UniversityIndia ranked 148 in the category of biodiversity and habitat which assesses countries’ actions toward retaining natural ecosystems and protecting the full range of biodiversity within their borders.
      • India was 21 positions behind Pakistan.
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