Delhi High Court questioned Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) and the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) regarding the Missing animals at circuses across the country. ( The Hindu)
16/04/2021


About Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI):

1.      It is a statutory advisory body set up in 1962, in accordance with Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Acts 1960.
2.      It is mandated to promote animal welfare and to prevent cruelty, suffering, and pain to animals in the country.
3.      As per the Act, the Board comprises of 28 Members including 6 MPs (4 from Lok Sabhas and 2 from Rajya Sabah).
4.      Currently, it works under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate change (MoEFCC)
5.      The Board consists of 28 Members with a tenure of 3 years.
 

 Functions of AWBI ?

 
1. To keep the law in force in India for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals under constant study and to advise the government on the amendments to be undertaken in any such law from time to time.
2. To give financial and other assistance to Animal Welfare Organisations functioning in any local area or to encourage the formation of Animal Welfare Organisations in any local area which shall work under the general supervision and guidance of the Board?
3. The Board grants recognition to the newly started Animal Welfare Organisations (AWOs).

About Central Zoo Authority (CZA):

  • The Central Zoo Authority (CZA) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change.
  • It was constituted in 1992 under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
  • It is chaired by the Environment Minister and apart from the chairman, it consists of 10 members and a member-secretary.
  • The main objective of the authority is to enforce minimum standards and norms for upkeep and healthcare of animals in Indian zoos and to control mushrooming of unplanned and ill-conceived zoo.

Functions of CZA?

 1.      It recognizes or derecognizes zoos and Standards and norms for housing, upkeep, health care and overall management of animals in zoos under the recognition of zoo rules, 1992
2.      It also provides technical and financial assistance to such zoos which have the potential to attain the desired standard in animal management.
3.      Exchange of animals between Indian and foreign zoos is also approved by the Authority before the requisite clearances under EXIM Policy and the CITES permits are issued by the competent authority.
4.      It also regulates the exchange of animals of endangered category Listed under Schedule-I and II of the Wildlife (Protection) Act among zoos.
5.      The Authority also coordinates and implements programmes on capacity building of zoo personnel, planned breeding programmes and ex-situ research including biotechnological intervention for conservation of species.

 

1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI)?
 
      1.   It is a statutory body which was established under wildlife protection act, 1972
      2.   Members from the both the houses of parliament are part of the board.
   3.  It grants recognition and financial assistance to the newly started Animal Welfare Organisations (AWOs).
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
 
(a)  1 only
(b)  1 and 2 only
(c)  2 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3 only
 
 2. With reference to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA), consider the following statements

   1.  It recognizes or derecognizes zoos and also provides technical and financial assistance to such zoos
    2. It regulates the exchange of animals of endangered category Listed under Schedule-I and II of the Wildlife (Protection) Act,1972
   3. It is chaired by the Environment Minister.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  1 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3

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