Circular Economy to deal with e-waste



  • The paper titled ‘Circular Economy in Electronics and Electrical Sector’ aims to encourage circular economy, or ensuring zero to minimal wastage in the use of electronics and electrical sector.
  • India is the third largest electronic waste generator in the world after China and the USA as per the Global E-waste Monitor 2020.


  • Circular economy (CE) has the potential for enhancing resource security, abatement of loss of precious and rare minerals, addressing pollution, enhancing livelihood opportunities, and mitigating environmental degradation.
  • CE is an industrial system, which is an alternative to highly extractive and resource intensive linear economy principle of take-make-dispose.

Major recommendations

  • Setting up material sampling labs across the regions to assess the material value in the end-of-life product.
  • Mandatory use of certain percentage of critical materials sources from secondary materials.
  • Resource efficiency/ circular economy labeling, eco-labelling on the products in the percentage use of recycled materials in the product to create consumer awareness in recycling aspects of products.
  • Promotion of technology for extraction of maximum number of materials through technology development/transfer, innovative finance mechanisms and schemes.

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