Case of Plasmodium ovale Malaria in India
About the News: Recently, an Indian soldier who returned from Sudan nearly a year ago was found contracted Plasmodium ovale. Plasmodium ovale is endemic to Sudan.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by Plasmodium parasites, which are usually transmitted due to the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito
These parasites swiftly multiply in the liver after being introduced in the host body, and destroy the red blood cells, thereby infecting the system
Types of malaria:Malaria is caused by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito, if the mosquito itself is infected with a malarial parasite.
There are five kinds of malarial parasites
1. Plasmodium falciparum
2. Plasmodium vivax (the commonest ones)
3. Plasmodium malariae
4. Plasmodium ovale
5. Plasmodium knowlesi.
Therefore, if someone has contracted the Plasmodium ovale type of malaria means that the person has been infected by that particular parasite.
• According to National Vector-borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) approximately 5 lakh people suffered from malaria (63% were of Plasmodium falciparum) in India.
• P. falciparum is the world's most dangerous malaria parasite.
About Plasmodium ovale
• P ovale is very similar to P vivax, which is not a killer form.
• Symptoms include fever for 48 hours , headache and nausea, and the treatment modality is the same as it is for a person infected with P vivax.
• P ovale is no more dangerous than getting a viral infection
• P ovale malaria is endemic to tropical Western Africa.