BRICS on Multilateralism
10/06/2021

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Context:

  • Recently, the BRICS Foreign Ministers put out a joint statement on multilateralism at a virtual meeting.

About:

  • China’s Foreign Ministry said the idea behind the statement was to forge a common understanding among the BRICS countries when there were “so many different interpretations and definitions of multilateralism in the world”.
  • China has hit out at “bloc politics” from the United States and the West.
  • Among the targets of Beijing’s recent attacks on what it calls “selective multilateralism” is the India-Australia-Japan-U.S. (Quad grouping).

Multilateralism:

  • It is the process of organizing relations between groups of three or more states.
  • It generally comprises certain qualitative elements or principles that shape the character of the arrangement or institution.
  • BRICS Joint Statement on Strengthening and Reforming the Multilateral System laid out the following principles:
    • It should make global governance more inclusive, representative and participatory to facilitate greater and more meaningful participation of developing and least developed countries.
    • It should be based on inclusive consultation and collaboration for the benefit of all.  
    • It should make multilateral organisations more responsive, action-oriented and solution-oriented based on the norms and principles of international law and the spirit of mutual respect, justice, equality, and mutually beneficial cooperation. 
    • It should use innovative and inclusive solutions, including digital and technological tools. 
    • It should strengthen the capacities of individual states and international organizations. 
    • It should promote people-centred international cooperation at the core. 
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