Beneficiaries of Roshai Act move to Supreme Court
27/11/2020
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Background: 
  • In 2018, State Administrative Council (SAC) headed by Jammu & Kashmir Governor repealed the Jammu and Kashmir State Lands (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Act, 2001, popularly known as the Roshni Act on the ground that it had “failed to realise the desired objectives and there were also reports of misuse of some its provisions”.
  • Later, the HighCourt also scrapped the Act and directed the authorities to retrieve the land from the occupants
 
About the Act:
  • Roshni Act was passed by J&K legislature in 2001 to confer ownership rights on occupants of State land to raise ?25,000 crore for hydel projects, but only ?76crore was collected.
  • The government said the revenue generated would be spent on commissioning hydroelectric power projects, hence the name “Roshni”
  • The Act envisaged the transfer of ownership rights of state land to its occupants, subject to the payment of a cost, as determined by the government.
  • Further, through amendments, the government also gave ownership rights of agricultural land to farmers occupying it for free, charging them only Rs 100 per kanal as documentation fee.
 
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About the news:
As the J&K administration continues to make the names of the beneficiaries
of the now nullified Roshni Act public.
The beneficiaries filled the petition in Supreme Court and said that  they “were not even heard by the J&K High Court as it passed the directions.”
 
 
Prelim’s Question
 
Q.1 ‘Roshni Act’ was enacted by which state government
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Uttarakhan
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d)  Jammu & Kashmir
 
Correct answer is (D)
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