5G and its radiation
03/06/2021

Tags:

Context:

  • Recently, an actor Juhi Chawla has filed a lawsuit in the Delhi High Court against the telecom technology upgradation, trial runs for which have started in India now.

About lawsuit:

  • 5G ‘radiation’ emission will be “extremely harmful and injurious to the health and safety of the people”.
  • She is not “against the implementation of technological advancements,” but added that while using wireless devices one is “in a constant dilemma” about “RF radiation from wirefree gadgets and network cell towers”.

5G technology and roll out in India:

  • 5G promises to revolutionise mobile broadband and is a big generational leap over the existing 4G technology.
  • This new technology will be capable of not just ensuring fast internet on our phones, but also help power IoT (Internet of Things) networks to run connected cars and homes smarter.
  • It will also support streaming of rich media.
  • But 5G has not yet been rolled out in India though Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio and Vodafone Idea have been given trial spectrum to test 5G technology in the country.
  • Once this is over, it is expected that networks will go live with the 5G bands by the end of this year. The 5G rollout is expected to gather pace in the country by 2022.

 Impact of 5G radiation on human health:

  • More powerful 5G waves will emit more radiation and cause harm to humans as well as other living beings.
  • 5G will require more towers to ensure better connectivity, and since it will power more than just our smartphones, it will increase human exposure to such radiation in general.
  • This is an extension of the idea that cellular towers, which emit low-level RF-EMF radiation, are in general damaging our bodies. But radiation from cellphone towers, mobile phones, WiFi routers is typically called non-ionising radiation like radio waves, microwaves, and optical radiation.
  • RF fields have been classified by WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).
  • Radiation at very high levels, also referred to as ionising radiation, heats up our tissue and can eventually lead to cancer.
  • This applies to medical devices such as a CT-scan machine or X-ray machine, which emit high-level ionising radiation.
  • Doctors don’t recommend that you go get a CT-scan for every health issue because it does increase unnecessary exposure to radiation.
  • But there are increasing concerns that our smartphones, other WiFi-ready devices such as laptops, and mobile phone towers which also emit low level RF radiation are damaging our bodies given the constant exposure.
Quiz of the Day for IAS Prepation
Test Your UPSC Preparation With Vajirao's Daily Current Affairs Quiz

Select the correct answer and click on the “Finish” button Check your score and explanations at the end of the quiz

Start Quiz